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MODES OF APPEAL

TROPES

 

     a figurative or metaphorical use of word and image

 

 

 

 

 

           THEORY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IRONY

Juxtaposing opposing ideas and imagery for a humorous effect. ­­­­

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SYNECDOCHE

Using a part to represent a whole. The viewer must fill in the gaps and therefore interacts with text or image.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANTITHESIS

Using contradictory elements together to communicate opposing ideas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PERSONIFICATION

Giving inanimate objects or animals human characteristics.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HYPERBOLE

Exaggerating to emphasize an idea.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PARODY

Imitation for the purpose of humor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PUN

A phrase that has multiple meanings, making a joke out of similar sounding words or images.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

METONYMY

When a concept is not called by its formal name, but by something associated with that thing. One sign is substituted for another thing, something people understand because of its connotations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

METAPHOR

Implying that two unrelated things are correlated or similar. Metaphor provides connotation for two dissimilar things to explain a concept.

TORI WHEELER         KANSAS CITY ART INSTITUTE         2015